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Is there an externally observable difference between following programs?

public static String sayHello() {
  return "Hello World!";
public static String sayHello() {
  String s1 = "Hello";
  String s2 = " World!";
  return s1 + s2;

Of course, there is! Just call the method twice:

assert sayHello() == sayHello();

The first version of the method passes the IdentityCheck test. The second does not. There are also other differences in MemoryAllocations as well as StringsUsedInConstantPool.

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